Prostate cancer is a one type of cancer that affects the prostate gland located below the bladder but in front of the rectum. It is usually treatable in its earlier stages. One of the methods used to treat prostate cancer is cryotherapy.
How cryotherapy works in prostate cancer
Cryotherapy is where extremely low temperatures are used to avoid inflammation in the body. In prostate cancer, the cold temperatures freeze and destroy cancer cells in the body tissue. An extremely thin metal probe is inserted in the prostate gland through an incision and a saline solution can flow through the probe to protect the urethra from the low temperatures.
Cryotherapy destroying prostate cancer
No living tissue can withstand extremely low temperatures and introducing these cold temperatures into the prostate gland makes it exert excess heat. The heat is drawn out leading to instant swelling of ice crystals which explodes cells, tissue damage and later death of the targeted cell. Afterward, the body’s white blood cells clear up the dead cells and the immune system gets an energy boost to fight the remaining cancer cells.
Advantages of using Cryotherapy in fighting prostate cancer
Studies show that cryotherapy has several advantages over surgery and radiation. They include
- Cryotherapy is less invasive as compared to surgery. It can be done using spinal numbing rather than general anesthesia benefiting older patients.
- There is less blood loss during the procedure because it requires only a small incision.
- The recovery period is significantly reduced as compared to radiation which requires weeks of rest before full recovery.
- There is less swelling, and pain involved in the procedure compared to standard surgery.
Risks involved in Cryotherapy for prostate cancer treatment
There are minimal risks involved and are quite undesirable including:
- Injury to the urethra and bladder
- Failure of the liquid to destroy cancer cells which may lead to the prostate cancer coming back.
With minimal studies on the effectiveness of cryotherapy on the fight against prostate cancer it is difficult to decide on it. Experts, on the other hand, believe that cryotherapy is still the most effective means of treating prostate cancer and especially for recurring prostate cancer limited to the prostate gland. It is advisable to always consult a medical professional before undertaking any procedure especially as sensitive as prostate cancer.